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Sunday, November 8, 2020 | History

5 edition of The concept of the gene in development and evolution found in the catalog.

The concept of the gene in development and evolution

The concept of the gene in development and evolution

historical and epistemological perspectives

by

  • 68 Want to read
  • 14 Currently reading

Published by Cambridge University Press in Cambridge, New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Genes,
  • Genetics -- Philosophy,
  • Developmental genetics,
  • Evolutionary genetics

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and index

    Statementedited by Peter J. Beurton, Raphael Falk, Hans-Jörg Rheinberger
    SeriesCambridge studies in philosophy and biology
    ContributionsBeurton, Peter J, Falk, Raphael, Rheinberger, Hans-Jörg
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQH447 .C66 2000
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxvi, 384 p. :
    Number of Pages384
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16978483M
    ISBN 100521771870
    LC Control Number99042106

    The definition Biological evolution, simply put, is descent with modification. This definition encompasses small-scale evolution (changes in gene — or more precisely and technically, allele — frequency in a population from one generation to the next) and large-scale evolution (the descent of different species from a common ancestor over many generations).   Evolution of Gene Concept: Evolution of Gene Concept The hereditary units which are transmitted from one generation to the next generation are called genes. A gene is the fundamental biological unit Mendel first of all conceived concept of the genes as particulate units and referred as hereditary factors or hereditary elements (Merkmal).   The explanation is only on a “high level” in the sense that humanity evolved a sophisticated ability to think in terms of symbolism, and that was evidently useful in terms of organizing past experience and simulating possible future courses of ac.


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The concept of the gene in development and evolution Download PDF EPUB FB2

"The Concept of the Gene in Development and Evolution is a Guide for the Perplexed. The articles contributed illuminate the distance separating popular thought from the difficult and complex questions of the nature and function of "genes." The present volume offers a unique guide to the meanings of the term gene." American ScientistCited by: The concept of the gene in development and evolution: historical and epistemological perspectives / edited by Peter J.

Beurton, Raphael Falk, Hans-J¨ org Rheinberger. – (Cambridge studies in philosophy and biology) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 1. Genes. Genetics – Philosophy. Developmental. The Paperback of the The Concept of the Gene in Development and Evolution: Historical and Epistemological Perspectives by Peter J.

Beurton at Barnes & Due to COVID, orders may be delayed. Thank you for your : Evolutionary developmental biology (informally, evo-devo) is a field of biological research that compares the developmental processes of different organisms to infer the ancestral relationships between them and how developmental processes evolved.

The field grew from 19th-century beginnings, where embryology faced a mystery: zoologists did not know how embryonic development was controlled at. Historical Development of the Concept of the Gene Petter Portin Department of Biology, University of Turku, Finland ABSTRACT The classical view of the gene prevailing during the s and s comprehended the gene as the indivisible unit of genetic transmission, genetic recombination, gene mutation and gene function.

The concept of gene sharing demonstrates that the gene duplication process, widely implicated as a major driving force of evolutionary innovation, is an option to be considered seriously, as discussed in detail in Chapter 9 and also touched on in Chapter 8.

molecular evolution and eye development. Piatigorsky's unique style is at its best Author: Ales Cvekl, Deyou Zheng. Human evolution, the process by which human beings developed on Earth from now-extinct zoologically, we humans are Homo sapiens, a culture-bearing upright-walking species that lives on the ground and very likely first evolved in Africa aboutyears ago.

We are now the only living members of what many zoologists refer to as the human tribe, Hominini, but there is. Chapter 14 Genes Development and Evolution Key Concepts Development from BIOLOGY at Johns Hopkins University.

The gene-centered view of evolution is a model for the evolution of social characteristics such as selfishness and altruism. Acquired characteristics. The formulation of the central dogma of molecular biology was summarized by Maynard Smith. If the central dogma is true, and if it is also true that nucleic acids are the only means whereby information is transmitted between generations, this.

"The Regulatory Genome offers evo-devo aficionados an intellectual masterpiece to praise or to pan but impossible to ignore. Although there is clearly still much to learn about the evolution of gene networks and how these in turn constrain evolution, Davidson has placed a cornerstone for the comparative analysis of gene regulatory by: The Regulatory Genome beautifully explains the control of animal development in terms of structure/function relations of inherited regulatory DNA sequence, and the emergent properties of the gene regulatory networks composed of these sequences.

New insights into the mechanisms of body plan evolution are derived from considerations of the. The decades since the end of World War Two have witnessed an unrivalled drive for economic and social development by the majority of the world’s nations. Since the world war, development has been synonymous with economic, social, and political change.

Evolution by gene and genome duplication. The central tenet of Darwin, the gradualist insistence on infinitesimal changes as the only material of evolution, was challenged by the concept of evolution by gene duplication that was developed by Ohno in his classic by:   Davidson is famous for formulating the concept of developmental gene regulatory networks (dGRNs), a description of how genes interact with one another to regulate their expression in the early stages of development.

The activity of a dGRN is very influential in. Modularity in Development and Evolution offers the first sustained exploration of modules from developmental and evolutionary perspectives.

Contributors discuss what modularity is, how it can be identified and modeled, how it originated and evolved, and its biological significance.

Covering modules at levels ranging from genes to colonies, the book focuses on their roles not just in structures. The Concept of the Gene in Development and Evolution is unique in that it is the first interdisciplinary volume solely devoted to the quest for the gene. It will be of interest to professionals and students of philosophy and the history of science, genetics, and molecular biology.

Peter J. Beurton is Senior Scientist at the Max Planck Institute. Concept of the Gene in Development and Evolution: Historical and Epistemological Perspectives. (Priority Mail) starting at $ for the first book. Shipping cost may be slightly higher depending on weight of book and shipping destination.

The theories developed in the early 20th century to integrate Mendelian genetics with Darwinian evolution are called the modern synthesis, a term introduced by Julian Huxley.

Evolutionary biologists have subsequently modified this concept, such as George C. Williams' gene-centric view of proposed an evolutionary concept of the gene as a unit of natural selection with the. Although the theory of evolution initially generated some controversy, by 20 years after the publication of On the Origin of Species it was almost universally accepted by biologists, particularly younger biologists.

Nevertheless, the theory of evolution is a difficult concept and misconceptions about how it. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about Modern Concept of Gene: 1. Introduction to the Modern Concept of Gene 2. Definition of Genes 3. The Gene as a Unit of Function (Cistron) 4.

Gene as the Unit of Recombination (Recon) 5. The Gene as a Unit. "The Gene is an erudite and elegant history of a (perhaps the) central concept of twentieth century biology.

Rheinberger and Müller-Wille show that the gene’s success lay in its plasticity in different experimental registers and its pluralism in connecting divergent theories and scientists. The goals of evo-devo (evolutionary developmental biology) are to understand (Hall ): • The origin and evolution of embryonic development, • How modifications of development and developmental processes lead to novel features, • The adaptive plasticity of development in life-history evolution, •.

Evolution - Evolution - Genetic drift: Gene frequencies can change from one generation to another by a process of pure chance known as genetic drift. This occurs because the number of individuals in any population is finite, and thus the frequency of a gene may change in the following generation by accidents of sampling, just as it is possible to get more or fewer than 50 “heads” in A.) Evolution leading to a population better adapted to an unchanging environment.

B.) Evolution leading to a population better adapted to a changing environment. C.) Very slow and continuous evolution with no increased adaptation.

D.) No evolution because the allele frequencies in the population remain the same from generation to generation. E.). Start studying Chapter Genes, Development, and Evolution. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Concept of the Gene in Development and Evolu- tion: Historical and Epistemological Perspectives, ed- ited by Peter Beurton, Raphael Falk, and Hans-J org Rhein.

This paper presents a history of the changing meanings of the term “gene,” over more than a century, and a discussion of why this word, so crucial to genetics, needs redefinition today.

In this account, the first two phases of 20th century genetics are designated the “classical” and the “neoclassical” periods, and the current molecular-genetic era the “modern period.”Cited by: Modularity in Development and Evolution offers the first sustained exploration of modules from developmental and evolutionary perspectives.

Contributors discuss what modularity is, how it can be identified and modeled, how it originated and evolved, and its biological significance. A gene is considered essential if it is required for the reproductive success of a cell or an organism. Gene essentiality is a core concept of genetics, with repercussions in evolutionary, systems Cited by:   Gene regulatory networks are the most complex, extensive control systems found in nature.

The interaction between biology and evolution has been the subject of great interest in recent years. The author, Eric Davidson, has been instrumental in elucidating this relationship.

He is a world renowned scientist and a major contributor to the field of developmental biology.3/5(1). Descent with modification refers to the passing on of traits from parent organisms to their offspring.

This passing on of traits is known as heredity, and the basic unit of heredity is the are the blueprints for making an organism, and, as such, hold information about its every conceivable aspect: its growth, development, behavior, appearance, physiology, and : Laura Klappenbach.

The theory of evolution is a scientific theory that essentially states that species change over time. There are many different ways species change, but most of them can be described by the idea of natural theory of evolution through natural selection was the first scientific theory that put together evidence of change through time as well as a mechanism for how it : Heather Scoville.

Noun (uncountable) The process of developing; growth, directed change. * {{quote-magazine, date=, author= Ian Sample, volume=, issue=6, page=34, magazine=(The Guardian Weekly), title= Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains, passage=Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits.

(shelved 3 times as genetics-and-evolution) avg rating — 22, ratings — published David Marsh and I wrote The Driving Force which Professor Clutterbuck of Oxford commented was the best book on evolution since Darwin.

It described the scientific evidence behind the origin of life and the manner in which chemistry and physics were major determinants of what.

We suggest that in many contexts it is wise to replace the concept of the gene with the concept of the genetic material as a vehicle for integrating developmental, evolutionary, and genetic considerations and for understanding the importance of genetics in biomedicine and by: 7.

In his book The Origin of Species, Darwin presented evidence for his “descent with modification” theory, which has come down to us as the theory of evolution, although Darwin avoided the term “evolution.” Essentially, Darwin suggested that random variations take place in living things and that the environment selects those individuals better able to survive and reproduce.

Experimental results in epigenetics and related fields of biological research show that the Modern Synthesis (neo-Darwinist) theory of evolution requires either extension or replacement.

This article examines the conceptual framework of neo-Darwinism, including the concepts of ‘gene’, ‘selfish’, ‘code’, ‘program’, ‘blueprint’, ‘book of life’, ‘replicator’ and Cited by: Get this from a library.

The regulatory genome: gene regulatory networks in development and evolution. [Eric H Davidson] -- Explains the control of animal development in terms of structure/function relations of inherited regulatory DNA sequence, and the emergent properties of the gene regulatory networks composed of these.

Scientists have mapped the evolutionary timelines of 38 cancer types, noting gene and protein alterations that are commonly seen early, in the middle of, and late in their development. The hope is, one day, these maps may create opportunities to identify cancers much earlier than is currently possible.

Seymour Benzer’s Concept (, ): Seymour Benzer’s Concept (, ) Modern Definition of Gene Gene as a Fundamental and Indivisible unit of genetic information and linked together After the discovery of DNA, its parallel behaviour with that of chromosomes and proper understanding of most of the molecular phenomena which may interplay in .The work, which was published in Nature, showed that pigment production in the wing is patterned according to the spatial distribution of a molecule that helps sculpt the shape of the body during development.

The finding underscores the concept that evolution likes to tinker with existing genetic machinery to evolve new patterns and forms.ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about Gene: 1. Introduction to Gene 2. The Changing Concept of Gene 3. Fine Structure.

Introduction to Gene: Mendel’s, () experiments with Garden pea plant showed that certain hereditary “factors” were concerned in determining the appear­ance of certain morphological traits.

Such Mendelian “factors” were described as “gene” by.